What is acidity? How does acidity occur and its Natural Treatment? - ggstarhealth

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Wednesday, July 3, 2019

What is acidity? How does acidity occur and its Natural Treatment?

What is acidity? How does acidity occur and its Natural Treatment?


What is acidity?

Are You Facing Acidity Problem? We will help!

Acidity or acid reflux is a very common condition affecting many people. This condition is characterized by heartburn felt around the lower chest area, which is caused by the stomach acid flowing back up into the food pipe. Very few people realize the unhealthy eating habits and poor lifestyle choices that cause this condition.

How does acidity occur?

The food we eat passes down the oesophagus into the stomach. The gastric glands in the stomach create acid which is necessary to digest the food and to kill any germs. Acidity occurs when the gastric glands produce a large amount of acid, more than what is needed for the digestion process. This condition is characterized by a burning sensation just above the stomach, or right below the breastbone (the hollow part).
This condition is very common in India due to the heavy consumption of oily and spicy foods by Indians.

Who is prone to acidity?

People who are prone to acidity include:

those who overindulge in alcohol
those who are obese
those who often consume spicy food
those who often consume non-vegetarian food
those who take Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs(NSAIDs)
women nearing menopause
women who are pregnant
people who suffer from medical conditions such as diabetes, asthma, hiatal hernia, peptic ulcers, connective tissue disorders, or Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

What are the causes of acidity?

Acidity can occur: 

due to unhealthy eating habits
due to certain foods consumed in excess
as a side effect of  medicines
due to existing medical conditions
due to other causes such as stress, lack of sleep etc.
Please see the table below for details:

What are the symptoms of acidity? How is acidity diagnosed?

The symptoms of acid reflux include:

burning sensation in the stomach
burning sensation in the throat and heart
difficulty in swallowing
regurgitation
restlessness
belching
nausea
prolonged sour taste in the mouth
bad breath
indigestion
constipation

Diagnosis

If you suffer from the symptoms of acidity you can consult your family doctor or any general practitioner. Based on your case the doctor may ask you to undergo:

x-ray of the oesophagus and the stomach
An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy which enables the doctor to see the lining of the oesophagus and stomach
What are the complications of acidity?

The complications of acidity include:

severe pain in the chest or abdomen
excessive vomiting
difficulty in swallowing
gastric ulcers
cancer

What is the Natural treatment for acidity?

Many people will have indigestion at some point. Instead of reaching for over-the-counter antacids to calm your stomach, you might want to try controlling symptoms with ingredients and herbs in your kitchen.

Here’s a look at eight home remedies that can provide quick relief for indigestion.

1. Ginger

Ginger is another natural remedy for indigestion because it can reduce stomach acid. The same way too little stomach acid causes indigestion, too much stomach acid has the same effect.

Drink a cup of ginger tea as needed to soothe your stomach and get rid of indigestion. Other options include sucking on ginger candy, drinking ginger ale, or making your own ginger water. Boil one or two pieces of ginger root in four cups of water. Add flavor with lemon or honey before drinking.

Limit your ginger consumption to 3 to 4 grams per dayTrusted Source. Consuming too much ginger can cause gas, throat burn, and heartburn.

2. Chamomile tea

Chamomile tea is known to help induce sleep and calm anxiety. This herb can also ease gut discomfort and relieve indigestion by reducing stomach acid in the gastrointestinal tract. Chamomile also acts as an anti-inflammatory to stop pain.

To prepare chamomile tea, place one or two teabags in boiling water for 10 minutes. Pour in a cup and add honey, if desired. Drink the tea as needed to stop indigestion.

Consult a doctor before drinking chamomile tea if you take a blood thinner. Chamomile contains an ingredient that acts as an anticoagulant, so there’s the risk of bleeding when combined with a blood thinner.

3. Apple cider vinegar

The claimed health benefits of apple cider vinegar range from improving the condition of skin to encouraging weight loss. It may also help to ease indigestion.

Since too little stomach acid can trigger indigestion, drink apple cider vinegar to increase your body’s production of stomach acid. Add one to two teaspoons of raw, unpasteurized apple cider vinegar to a cup of water and drink for fast relief. Or stop indigestion before it occurs by drinking the mixture 30 minutes before eating.

Even though apple cider vinegar is safe, drinking it in excess or undiluted can cause side effects such as tooth erosion, nausea, throat burn, and low blood sugar.

4. Peppermint tea

Peppermint is more than a breath freshener. It also has an antispasmodic effect on the body, making it a great choice for relieving stomach problems like nausea and indigestion. Drink a cup of peppermint tea after meals to quickly soothe your stomach or keep a few pieces of peppermint in your pocket and suck on the candy after eating.

While peppermint can ease indigestion, you shouldn’t drink or eat peppermint when indigestion is caused by acid reflux. Because peppermint relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter — the muscle between the stomach and the esophagus — drinking or eating it can cause stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus and worsen acid reflux. Peppermint tea is not recommended for people with GERD or ulcers.

5. Fennel seed

This antispasmodic herb can also remedy indigestion after a meal, as well as soothe other gastrointestinal problems like stomach cramping, nausea, and bloating.

Put 1/2 teaspoon of crushed fennel seed in water and allow it to boil for 10 minutes before drinking. Drink fennel tea whenever you experience indigestion. Another option is to chew fennel seed after meals if certain foods cause indigestion.

Possible side effects of fennel include nausea, vomiting, and sun sensitivity.

6. Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Baking soda can quickly neutralize stomach acid and relieve indigestion, bloating, and gas after eating. For this remedy, add 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda to 4 ounces of warm water and drink.

Sodium bicarbonate is generally safe and nontoxic. But drinking large amounts of baking soda can bring on a few unwelcome side effects, such as constipation, diarrhea, irritability, vomiting, and muscle spasms. If you drink a solution containing 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda for indigestion, don’t repeat for at least two hours.

According to a 2013 studyTrusted Source, adults should have no more than seven 1/2 teaspoons in a 24-hour period and no more than three 1/2 teaspoons if over the age of 60.

7. Lemon water

The alkaline effect of lemon water also neutralizes stomach acid and improves digestion. Mix a tablespoon of lemon juice in hot or warm water and drink a few minutes before eating.

Along with easing indigestion, lemon water is also an excellent source of vitamin C. However, too much lemon water can wear down tooth enamel and cause increased urination. To protect your teeth, rinse your mouth with water after drinking lemon water.

8. Licorice root

Licorice root can calm muscle spasms and inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract, which both can trigger indigestion. Chew licorice root for relief or add licorice root to boiling water and drink the mixture.

Although effective for indigestion, licorice root can cause sodium and potassium imbalances and high blood pressure in large doses. Consume no more than 2.5 grams of dried licorice root per day for fast relief. Eat or drink licorice root 30 minutes before eating or one hour after eating for indigestion.

When to see a doctor

Even though indigestion is a common problem, some bouts shouldn’t be ignored. Frequent indigestion is often a symptom of a chronic digestive problem like acid reflux, gastritis, and even stomach cancer. Therefore, see a doctor if indigestion continues for more than two weeks, or if you experience severe pain or other symptoms such as:

weight loss
loss of appetite
vomiting
black stools
trouble swallowing
fatigue
The takeaway
You don’t have to live with frequent indigestion. Stomach discomfort can disrupt your life, but it doesn’t have to. See if these home remedies help but visit a doctor about any worrisome symptoms.

The FDA doesn’t monitor herbs and remedies for quality, so research your brand choices.

The sooner you see a doctor, get a diagnosis, and begin treatment, the sooner you can feel better and enjoy a higher quality of life.

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